A Quick View on Sikh Wedding Customs


Weddings all over the world are celebrated by following traditional rituals and trends according to different religions. It’s no different case with the Sikh community where weddings have a traditional touch apart from the grand celebration post the ceremony. Sikh weddings are famous for their flamboyant celebration, lavish food, cocktail parties, pre and post marriage rituals, invitation cards and their traditional ceremony held in the Gurudwara, a holy place/building for Sikhs. The Rituals commence a month before the big day making the atmosphere lively and fun with friends and relatives around. Have a look at some of the traditions followed by the Sikh community below.

Anand Karaj

According to the Sikh community, a wedding is known as Anand Karaj which takes place inside a Gurudwara. The ceremony in the building includes religious keertan and the 4 pheras (revolving around the holy book 4 times) around the holy book ‘Guru Granth Sahib’. On completion of the pheras, the marrying couple is showered with flowers by guests and the Sikh priest reminds the post marriage responsibilities to the couple towards each other, family and society. The ceremony is followed by ‘Ardaas’, a prayer in Sikh community for a better future and prosperity of the newlywed couple.

Rokaa ceremony

This is a pre wedding ceremony which is organized when the two families agree upon the marriage with the consent of the girl and the boy. It’s basically the beginning of the marriage rituals and a new life for the marrying couple. Gifts, presents and blessings are shared between the families during the ceremony.

Kudmaai ceremony

Kudmaai is another pre marriage function which is a formal engagement ceremony where the boy and the girl exchange rings, followed by keertan and food.

Haldi ceremony

A special paste called Haldi is applied to the bride and the groom before the wedding day, probably one day before to add charm to their looks for the big day.


The bride gets her hands and feet painted with intrinsic mehendi patterns and also inscribe the name of her future husband in those patterns. The color of the mehendi plays a vital role too and it is believed that the darker its shade, the more love she’ll get from her husband. Other ladies of the family also join the party and get their hands painted with mehendi patterns. The same scene can be witnessed at the groom’s home as well with ladies and girls putting mehendi on their hands.


Mehendi ceremony is followed by Sangeet which involves dance, music and fun. The family members as well as friends of the bride and the groom dance on the beats of non traditional songs and various fun activities are performed.


The groom marches towards the wedding venue with his family members, friends and closed ones along with a band of musicians who play Punjabi music and dhol throughout the way. Once reached the venue, the bride’s family welcomes the groom’s family by presenting gifts and good wishes.


Source by Yogesh KR Gangawat

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